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Elements of Art


Line:  An element of art defined by a point moving in space. Line
may be two-or three-dimensional, descriptive, implied, or
abstract.
Shape:  An element of art that is two-dimensional, flat, or limited to
height and width.
Form:  An element of art that is three-dimensional and encloses
volume; includes height, width AND depth (as in a cube, a
sphere, a pyramid, or a cylinder). Form may also be free
flowing.
Value:  The lightness or darkness of tones or colors. White is the
lightest value; black is the darkest. The value halfway
between these extremes is called middle gray.
Space:  An element of art by which positive and negative areas are
defined or a sense of depth achieved in a work of art .
Color:  An element of art made up of three properties: hue, value,
and intensity.
Value: hue’s lightness and darkness (a color’s value
changes when white or black is added)
Texture:
An element of art that refers to the way things feel, or look
as if they might feel if touched.

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