Proportions of the Face – This refers to how large and small facial features and areas of the face are in relation to each other. There are basic rules that you can learn to capture the face in a realistic way. Once you have learned these rules stylizing the various facial features and exaggerating areas of the face to create a character will become much easier.
Facial Features – The face is the feature which best distinguishes a person. It’s features – the eyes, nose, mouth and ears – are where we see individuality in people. If we understand the basic components of these features drawing them will become easier and your drawings and paintings will only be better.
Mapping out the Face – Before you can begin to fill in the face with it’s features you need to map out the face using a ruler and pencil. Each individual face will vary and the more you observe and draw the face the better you will become at capturing unique traits in your portraits.
TYPICAL FACE SHAPES: HEART LONG ROUND OVAL SQUARE
Step One – It can be said that there are five face shapes- round, oval, square, long and heart. Hairdressers, Make up Artists and Stylists use these shape guidelines to help accentuate various facial features and although these shapes are guidelines it is a great starting point in understanding the individuality in faces. Start by choosing one of the above face shapes and draw on your page using a light pencil such as a HB. Then draw two light lines- one to divide the face horizontally and one to divide it vertically.
Step Two – Draw two eyes half way down the face, a basic rule is that the size of one eye will fit between the two. When shading the eye leave a small white dot on the iris and the pupil to give the illusion that light is glistening on a moist surface. Remember to consider the light source when placing this highlight.
Step Three – Draw a line one quarter of the way up between the center of the eye and top of the head. This is where the eyebrows generally sit.
Step Four – Draw a line half way between the eyes and the bottom of the head, this is where the bottom of the nose sits. Simplify the shape of the nose by drawing three curved lines.
Step Five – Draw a line which sits one third between the bottom of the nose and the bottom of the chin, this line is where the middle of the lips sit.