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Week 10 ~ October 24-28

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AP Art History

“Beliefs Made Visible: Hindu Art in South Asia” 29:38


Art 1

  • Still Life:  a painting or drawing of an arrangement of objects, typically including fruit and flowers and objects contrasting with these in texture, such as bowls and glassware.




how to see sizes – angles – proportions

To draw well, students need to learn to see size relationships, angle relationships, and the relationship of different negative space sizes.  We can teach this using sighting devices and techniques.

Below: Students learn to measure and compare lengths, proportions, angles, and so on by sighting.  They hold a ruler or pencil at arms length while making comparison observations. These measurements are transferred to the paper.

A viewfinder is another useful sighting device to help see the angles and proportions of things being observed.  This category includes linear perspective which can be learned by making careful comparisons of sizes and angles.

By using two sticks (like chop sticks, pencils, or rulers) and holding one in line with a vertical corner and crossing it with another stick that lines up to a horizontal line, students can draw in perspective and learn to observe the principles of linear perspective. The sticks must be kept together in the observed position while placing them on the paper and transferring the observed angles to the paper.

Above: Catie Froese uses a ruler to make sightings to determine 
proportions of pottery by Marvin Bartel

Above: Suzi Arsenovic uses a ruler to make sightings of an aluminum table by sculptor John Mishler


Tip 1: Look at what you are drawing

Tip 2: Draw from real objects whenever possible

Tip 3: Don’t trace

Tip 4: Understand perspective

Tip 5. Use grids, guidelines or rough forms to get the proportions right before you add details

Tip 6: Be wary of ellipses

Tip 7: Keep the outlines light

Tip 8: Have a Good Range of Tone

Tip 9: Use mark-making to convey surface quality and texture

Tip 10: Include / omit detail as necessary

Tip 11: Insert your own soul

How to Create an excellent Observational Drawing: 11 Tips for High School Art Students

Art 2

  • Surrealism in Black and White

Surrealistic drawing in black and white color pencil on brown Canson paper.

Students will first take a picture of a set of hands – their own or someone else.  They will then search for and add other images and elements to their hand composition to create a Surrealistic drawing.  Students will potentially need to change the scale of certain images in order to incorporate them successfully into their composition.  Multiple Elements and Principles will be utilized in this drawing, specifically: unity, proportion, space, and contrast.



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